Base: A blend of natural esters with emollient and repairing properties.
Retinol: A form of vitamin A. Encapsulated in liposomes, which enables sustained and prolonged release, enhanced stability, improved skin bio-availability and use with minimal or no irritation. Stimulates the proliferation of epidermal cells and increases the thickness of the epidermis. Visibly retexturises skin surface and helps reverse signs of skin ageing.
Hydroxypinacolone Retinoate: A cosmetic grade ester of all-trans retinoic acid. Demonstrates activities of pure retinol without side-effects.
Retinyl Linoleate: A retinoid, meaning an ester formed between retinol and linoleic acid (Vitamin F). Provides dual effect of retinol and linoleic acid.
Proprietary Botanical Blend: A unique botanical blend containing 6 plant extracts rich in Vitamin A: Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima), Carrot (Daucus carota sativa), Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), Kale (Brassica oleracea acephala) and Squash (Cucurbita pepo). Shows retexturising and renewing properties.
Phospholipids: Major building components in the structure of cellular membranes. These natural, skin-identical ingredients demonstrate excellent moisturising, repairing and protective properties.
Squalane: Squalane, derived from olive oil, mimics natural skin lipids and thereby reinforces skin barrier, replenishes lipids, prevents moisture loss and restores skin's suppleness.
Vitamin F: A complex composed of polyunsaturated essential free fatty acids; linoleic acid and linolenic acid, derived from safflower oil. Restores and reinforces lipid barrier function and prevents transdermal water loss (TEWL).
Ethyl Linoleate: A stable form of linoleic acid. Once applied to skin, it is converted to linoleic acid and provides all the skin benefits of linoleic acid with improved skin permeability.
Panthenyl Triacetate: A derivative of pantothenic acid, a member of the vitamin B complex. Shows soothing, anti-irritating and wound-healing properties.
Vitamin E (Tocopherol): A naturally derived vitamin with powerful antioxidant and photoprotective properties. Tocopherol is an excellent moisturiser that helps to reduce water loss and strengthen the skin’s natural barrier.
Coco-Caprylate/Caprate: Completely natural vegetable-derived esters. Act as a fast-spreading emollient with excellent moisturising, skin-conditioning and refatting properties.
AHA ester: An ester of lactic acid which is an alpha hydroxy acid. Shows excellent emollient, conditioning and skin-softening properties.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: An ester derived from coconut oil and glycerin. Shows excellent emollient, moisturising and skin-replenishing properties.
Cocoglycerides: A blend of vegetable-derived triglycerides with excellent emollient, skin-conditioning and protective properties.
Isoamyl Laurate: An ester of vegetable origin with emollient and skin-conditioning properties.
Dicaprylyl Carbonate: An ester which acts as a fast-spreading emollient.
Ful list of ingredients: AQUA (WATER), CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE, PROPANEDIOL, COCO-CAPRYLATE/CAPRATE, DIMETHYL ISOSORBIDE, BENTONITE, GLYCERIN, SQUALANE, LINOLEIC ACID, SWEET ALMOND OIL POLYGLYCERYL-6 ESTERS, CETEARYL ALCOHOL, PHOSPHOLIPIDS, BENZYL ALCOHOL, GLYCERYL STEARATE, RETINOL, PANTHENYL TRIACETATE, JOJOBA ESTERS, TOCOPHEROL, ETHYL LINOLEATE, HYDROXYPINACOLONE RETINOATE, HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) SEED WAX, RETINYL LINOLEATE, SALICYLOYL PHYTOSPHINGOSINE, IPOMOEA BATATAS ROOT EXTRACT, CUCURBITA PEPO (PUMPKIN) FRUIT EXTRACT, DAUCUS CAROTA SATIVA (CARROT) ROOT EXTRACT, SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM (TOMATO) FRUIT EXTRACT, BRASSICA OLERACEA ACEPHALA LEAF EXTRACT, CUCURBITA MAXIMA FRUIT EXTRACT, LINOLENIC ACID, SACCHAROMYCES FERMENT LYSATE FILTRATE, POLYGLYCERIN-3, XANTHAN GUM, SODIUM DEHYDROACETATE, SODIUM STEAROYL GLUTAMATE, OLEYL ALCOHOL, DEHYDROACETIC ACID, CITRIC ACID, SODIUM BENZOATE, POTASSIUM SORBATE.