Clinical study showed that Intense Defence- Antioxidant Serum provides strong antioxidant protection by reducing UV-induced oxidation of the skin surface lipids:
  •     After 1 hour: – 74%
  •     After 3 hours: – 73%
  •     After 5 hours: – 50%
Results of this study were published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology (Assessment of the kinetics of the antioxidative capacity of topical antioxidants).